In 1989, scientist Tim Berners-Lee wanted to figure out a way for scientists from universities and laboratories all over the world to instantly share their information. Berners-Lee worked for CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research), a laboratory that shares information with a community of 8,000 scientists in 60 countries, so the need for immediate contact was essential.
What Berners-Lee proposed was a plan to merge the technologies of personal computers, computer networking, and hypertext into a powerful and easy-to-use global information system. Berners-Lee had just created the World Wide Web.
On August 6, 1991, the first website was launched. Built at CERN with Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau, the world’s first website provided an explanation of what exactly the World Wide Web was and gave instructions on how you could own a browser and set up a web server. (This website also became the world’s first web directory, where Berners-Lee maintained a list of other websites in addition to his own.) Click here to see what the first website looked like.