Throughout American history, presidents have sought more and more power. In the 1830s, President Andrew Jackson even violated a Supreme Court decision. Ordered to halt his policy of Indian Removal (pushing potentially hostile Indian nations beyond the Mississippi River), Jackson insisted that the Supreme Court had no right to interfere with his powers as commander in chief. He completely ignored the Supreme Court and continued the Indian removal, with Congress and the public openly backing him. For his dictator-like actions the press labeled him King Andrew I; Jackson has since gone down in history as the first and last president to defy the Supreme Court.